Pong

screenshot

The [Coin-Op] Arcade Video Game by Atari, Inc. [Sunnyvale, CA, USA]

 
DESCRIPTION
 
[Coin-Op] Arcade Video Game

Pong © 1972 Atari.


PONG is a basic simulation of the racket sport of table tennis. A small square representing a ping pong ball travels across the screen in a linear trajectory. If the square strikes the perimeter of the playing field, or one of the simulated paddles, the square ricochets based on the angle of the impact.

Game play consists of players moving their respective paddles vertically to defend their scoring zones. Players score one point by maneuvering the square past their opponent's paddle.

PONG can be played either by a single player pitted against a computerized opponent, or by two players each controlling a paddle.
TECHNICAL
 
PICTURES :
12
Pong machine
Click to enlarge (members only)
Pong machine
Click to enlarge (members only)
The arcade PONG hardware was developed using 66 TTL logic chip. The home version had an integrated chip replacing most of these logic chips in 1974.
TRIVIA
 
On June 27, 1972, Mr. Nolan K. Bushnell and Mr. Ted Dabney start their own game company, named 'Syzygy' (means 'the sun, moon and earth in total eclipse'). But at this time, 'Syzygy' was already used by a roof-tiling company and finally, the name was changed to 'Atari' (a word equivalent to the term 'check' used in the Japanese strategy board game 'Go', Bushnell was an avid Go player) and give it the 'FUJI'-symbol (from the Japan's largest mountain 'Fujijama') as its logo.

Pong is the first Atari game. In September 1972, a prototype was tested on top of a barrel as the first commercial coin-operated machine in a tavern in Sunnyvale, CA called "Andy Capp's'. Within two weeks, Mr. Bill Gattis, the tavern manager, called Atari's Mr. Al Alcorn and reported that the machine was in need of repair. When examined, Alcorn discovered that the coin mechanism had been literally stuffed with quarters. Pong became an instant success and it created the arcade video game industry. The video game revolution had begun...

A Pong unit appears in the 1974 movie 'The Parallax View' and in the 1975 movie 'Rancho Deluxe'.
SCORING
 
Scoring went up to 21 pts.
TIPS AND TRICKS
 
The only instruction for a game this primative : avoid missing ball for high score.
SERIES
 
1. Pong (1972)
2. Pong Doubles (1973)
3. Quadra Pong (1974)
4. Super Pong (1974)
5. Pong - The Next Level (1999, PC CD-ROM, Sony PlayStation and Nintendo Game Boy Color)
STAFF
 
Designed & engineered by : Alan Alcorn, Nolan Bushnell
PORTS
 

Consoles:


Atari 2600 usa (October 1977) "Video Olympics [Model CX2621]" : contains multiple variations of the game.
Sega Game Gear usa (1996) "Arcade Classics"
Sega Genesis usa (1996) "Arcade Classics [Model 1715]"
Sega Mega Drive europe (1996) "Arcade Classics [Model 1715-50]"
Sony PlayStation usa (2001) "Atari Anniversary Edition Redux" [Model SLUS-01427]"
Sega Dreamcast usa (July 2, 2001) "Atari Anniversary Edtion [Model T-15130N]"
Sony PlayStation europe (March 1, 2002) "Atari Anniversary Edition Redux" [Model SLES-03808]"
Tapwave Zodiac usa (2004) "Atari Retro"
Microsoft XBOX usa (November 16, 2004) "Atari Anthology [Model 26084]"
Sony PlayStation 2 usa (November 22, 2004) "Atari Anthology [Model SLUS-21076]"
Microsoft XBOX europe (November 26, 2004) "Atari Anthology"
Sony PlayStation 2 europe (February 18, 2005) "Atari Anthology [Model SLES-53061]"
Microsoft XBOX usa (2005) "Atari Anthology [Platinum Hits]"
Nintendo DS [UK] (March 11, 2005) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-UKV]"
Nintendo DS europe (March 11, 2005) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-EUR]"
Nintendo DS usa (March 16, 2005) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-USA]"
Nintendo DS japan (June 30, 2005) "Atarimix Happy 10 Games [Model NTR-ATAJ-JPN]"
Microsoft XBOX japan (August 4, 2005) "Atari Anthology [XBOX World Collection] [Model B7X-00001]"
Nintendo Game Boy Advance usa (August 21, 2005) "Pong / Asteroids / Yars' Revenge [Model AGB-B64E-USA]"
Nintendo Game Boy Advance europe (September 23, 2005) "Pong & Asteroids & Yars' Revenge [Model AGB-B64P]"
Nintendo DS [AU] (November 2007) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-AUS]"
Sony PSP usa (December 19, 2007) "Atari Classics Evolved [Model ULUS-10325]"
Sony PSP [AU] (March 7, 2008) "Atari Classics Evolved"
Nintendo DS usa (November 2, 2010) "Atari Greatest Hits Vol.1 [Model NTR-BR6E-USA]"
Sony PlayStation europe (February 16, 2011) "Atari Anniversary Edition Redux" - PSOne Classics
Nintendo DS europe (February 24, 2011) "Atari Greatest Hits Vol.1 [Model NTR-BR6P-EUR]"
Nintendo DS usa (March 8, 2011) "Atari Greatest Hits Vol.2 [Model NTR-BR7E-USA]" : "Video Olympics" for the Atari 2600, which contains multiple variants.

Computers:


Tandy Color Computer 3 usa (1987) "Ponk" : this port is for 2 players only.
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (1999) "Atari Arcade Hits 1"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (July 13, 1999) "Atari Arcade Hits"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (July 9, 2001) "Atari Anniversary Edition"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (December 14, 2001) "Atari Anniversary Edition"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (January 1, 2003) "Atari Retro"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (November 11, 2003) "Atari: 80 Classic Games in One! [Model 25069J]"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (June 10, 2005) "Atari: 80 Classic Games in One! [Replay]"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (June 17, 2005) "Atari Arcade Hits 1 [Replay]"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (December 1, 2006, as part of "Atari Kids 2006") "Atari - 80 Classic Games in One!"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (2007) "Atari Anniversary Edition [Sold Out]" - Sold Out Software

NOTE: Atari Anthology for the PS2 and XBOX, as well as "Atari: 80 Classic Games in One!" for the PC contain both the original arcade game and "Video Olympics" for the Atari 2600.

Others:


Magnavox "Odyssey [Model ITL 200]" usa (1972) : contains 12 games.
Universal Research "Video Action [Model VA-I]" usa (1973)
The Sales Team "Videomaster Home T.V. Game [Model VM577]" [UK] (1974) : contains 3 games.
Executive Games "Television Tennis [Model 035]" usa (1975) : contains 2 games.
First Dimension "Video Sports [Model FD-3000W]" usa (1975)
Magnavox "Odyssey 100" usa (1975) : contains 2 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 200" usa (1975) : contains 3 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Pong [Model 25796]" usa (1975)
Universal Research "Video Action [Model VA-II]" usa (1975)
"Videomaster Olympic [Model VM3-D]" [UK] (1975) : contains 4 games.
"Videomaster Rally [Model VM4]" europe (1975) : contains 2 games.
Allied's "Name Of The Game [Model A-100]" usa (1976) : contains 8 games.
Allied's "Name Of The Game II [Model A-300]" usa (1976)
Canadian Tire "Video Sports [Model 84-6072]" canada (1976) : contains 4 games.
Coleco "Telstar [Model 6040]" usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
Coleco "Telstar Classic [Model 6045]" usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
Atari "Pong [Model C-100]" usa (1976)
Binatone "TV Gaming Unit [Model 01-4990]" [UK] (1976) : contains 2 games.
Pizon Bros. "Visiomatic 101" france (1976) : contains 6 games.
"Visiomat 11" france (1976) : contains 6 games.
Entex "Gameroom Tele-Pong" usa (1976)
First Dimension Tele Sports usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
GHP "Wonder Wizard - Television Sports Games [Model 7702]" usa (1976) : contains 3 or 6 games.
Granada ColorSport VIII usa (197?) : contains 8 games.
Granada Video Sports usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Lloyds TV-Sports 801 usa (1976) : contains 6 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 300" usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 400" usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 500" usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
MECCA TV Game usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Mestron Fernseh Spiel germany (1976) : contains 6 games.
Montgomery-Ward Telstar Video World of Sports usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
National Semiconductor Adversary usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
Occitane (SOE) OC4 (orange) france (1976) : contains 4 games.
Occitane (SOE) Occitel france (1976) : contains 4 games.
Packel Instrument TV Sport [AU] (1976) : contains 4 games.
Prinztronic Tournament [UK] (1976) : contains 6 games.
Radio Shack TV Scoreboard usa (1976) : contains 4 or 6 games.
Ricochet Electronic Color TV Game usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Ridgewood GAMATIC 7600 usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Roberts Paddle IV usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Super Pong [Model 99736]" usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Super Pong IV [Model 99737]" usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Hockey-Pong [Model 99721]" usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Sears Hockey-Tennis usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Superlectron TV Challenger europe (1976) : contains 3 games.
Tele-Match Concert Hall IV usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Tele-Match 4 usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Television Gaming Unit [NL] (1976) : conrains 2 games.
Unisonic Sportsman - Tournament 101 usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Unisonic Tournament 100 usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Unisonic Tournament 150 usa (1976) : contains 6 games.
Unisonic Tournament 200 usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Universal Research "Video Action [Model VA-III]" usa (1976)
Universal Research "Video Action Indy 500 [Model S-100]" usa (1976) : contains 3 games.
Universum TV Multi-Spiel germany (1976) : contains 6 or 4 games.
Venture Electronics Video Sports usa (1976) : contains 4, 5, or 8 games.
Videomaster Superscore [UK] (1976) : contains 6 games.
Windsor TV Game usa (1976) : contains 4 games.
Academy Video Game [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
APF Match usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
APF TV FUN usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
APF Sportsarama usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
Asaflex Video Sports france (1977) : contains 4 or 6 games.
Atari "Ultra Pong [Model C-402S]" usa (1977) : contains 16 or 32 games.
Atari Video Pinball usa (1977) : contains 7 games.
Audiosonic Home's TV Set europe (1977) : contains 4 games.
Binatone Colour TV Game [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Binatone TV-Master MK 6 [UK] (1977) : contains 6 games.
Binatone TV Master MK IV [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Binatone TV-TRON [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Bingo TVG 203 france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Bingo Video Game france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Blaupunkt TV-Action germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Boots Audio [UK] (1977) : conrains 4 games.
Coleco "Telstar Ranger [Model 6046]" usa (1977) : contains 6 games.
Coleco "Telstar Alpha [Model 6030]" usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Coleco "Telstar Colormatic [Model 6130]" usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Coleco "Telstar Regent [Model 6036]" usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Commodore T.V. Game europe (1977) : contains 8 games.
Concept 2000 Spectrum 6 usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Concept 2000 TV +4 usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Conic Video Game usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Continental Edison france (1977) : contains 6 games.
Creatronic Bi.Bip 4 france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Creatronic Bi.Bip 8 france (1977) : contains 8 games.
Dayya Marume 2000 usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
DDR TV-Spiele germany (1977) : contains 6 games.
Decca Sports TV Game [UK] (1977) : contains 6 games.
Derby Master [UK] (1977) : contains 3 games.
Digitek TV Game usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
E&P 4 Electronic TV Sport Games usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Electrophonic Pro-Sports usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Enterprex Color Home Video Game usa (1977) : contains 4 or 8 games.
Grandstand Match of the Day 2000 [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Grandstand Adman [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Gulliver Triple Challenge usa (1977) : contains 3 games.
Hanimex Jeu-Tele Electronique france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Hanimex TV Scoreboard usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
Hit-Go france (1977) : contains 6 games.
Hometronics Telecourt france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Honeybell Video Sports color germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Intel Super-Telesport germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Intel TV Sport germany (1977) : contains 4 or 6 games.
Interton Club Exclusiv 2000 germany (1977) : contains 6 games.
Interton Video 2400 europe (1977) : contains 5 games.
Interton Video 2501 europe (1977) : contains 3 games.
Interton Video 2800 europe (1977) : contains 4 games.
Interton Video 3000 europe (1977) : contains 6 games.
Interton Video 3001 europe (1977) : contains 6 games.
ITMC 6 Jeux france (1977) : contains 6 games.
ITT / Ideal Color Tele-Match Cassette [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Korting Tele-Multi-Play germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
K-Mart S Four Thousand usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
K-Mart S Eight Thousand usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 2000" usa (1977) : contains 3 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 3000" usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Magnavox "Odyssey 4000" usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
Markint 4a france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Markint 6 france (1977) : contains 6 games.
Markint Tele-Sports france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Markint TV Sports france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Match Spectrum 6 germany (1977) : contains 3 games.
MBO Tele-Ball V germany (1977) : contains 6 games.
Nintendo "Color TV-Game 6 [Model CTG-6S]" japan (1977) : contains 6 games.
Nintendo "Color TV-Game 6 [Model CTG-6V]" japan (1977) : contains 6 games.
Sharp "Color TV-Game [Model XG-106V]" japan (1977) : contains 6 games.
Novex Colour Video Sports Game europe (1977) : contains 3 games.
Occitane (SOE) Match Robot france (1977) : contains 4 games.
OPL Optim Sport europe (1977) : contains 4 games.
Palladium Tele-Match 4000 germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Philips Odyssey 2001 europe (1977) : contains 3 games.
Philips Tele-Spiel Las Vegas europe (1977) : contains 4, 6 or 8 games.
Pizon-Bross Visiomat 11 france (1977) : contains 6 games.
Poppy Tele-Spiel germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Prinztronic Tournament II Deluxe [UK] (1977) : contains 6 games.
Radofin Electronic TV Game (1977) : contains 4 games.
Radofin Tele-Sports (1977) : contains 4 games.
Radofin Tele-Sports Mini (1977) : contains 4 games.
Radofin SC Eight Thousand (1977) : contains 8 games.
Ricochet Electronic Super Pro usa (1977) : contains 5 games.
Roberts Rally IV usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Roberts Rally X usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
Roberts Sportrama 8 usa (1977) : contains 8 games.
Samdo france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Santron Home T.V. Game usa (1977) : contains 6 games.
Sanwa Tele-Spiel germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Hockey-Tennis II [Model 99733]" usa (1977) usa : contains 4 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Hockey-Tennis III [Model 99734]" usa (1977) usa : contains 4 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Super Pong IV [Model 99789]" usa (1977) : contains 10 (5x2) games.
Sears "Tele-Games Pong Sports II [Model 99707]" usa (1977) : contains 16 games.
Sears "Tele-Games Pong Sports IV [Model 99708]" usa (1977) : contains 32 games.
SEB Telescore france (1977) : contains 4 or 6 games.
Sennheiser TV Game germany (1977) : contains 6 games.
Sheen Video Sport europe (1977) : contains 4 games.
Sheen Colour Video Sport europe (1977) : contains 6 games.
Sonesta Hide-Away TV Game germany (1977) : contains 6 games.
Sportel [UK] (1977) : contains 3 games.
Sportron france (1977) : contains 4 or 6 games
Starex france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Superlectron Fernsehspiel germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Syrelec Videosport 2 usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Thomson Jeu Video france (1977) : contains 5 games.
Tandy TV Scoreboard europe (1977) : contains 4 or 10 games.
TCR Video Sport usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Tele-Match Television Computer Game usa (1977) : contains 5 games.
Teleng Colourstars [UK] (1977) : contains 6 games.
Tempest Video Game [AU] (1977) : contains 6 games.
Unimex Mark V-C germany (1977) : contains 6 games.
Unisonic Olympian 2600 usa (1977) : contains 10 games.
Unisonic Tournament 1000 usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Unisonic Tournament 2000 usa (1977) : contains 6 games.
Unisonic Tournament 2501 usa (1977) : contains 6 games.
Universum Color Multi-Spiel germany (1977) : contains 4 or 10 games.
Universum Tele-Sports germany (1977) : contains 4 games.
Univox france (1977) : contains 4 games.
Video 4000-EX europe (1977) : contains 4 games.
Video Stellar france (1977) : contains 5 games.
Videomaster Colourscore europe (1977) : contains 3 games.
Videomaster Colourshot [UK] (1977) : contains 3 games.
Videomaster Visionscore [UK] (1977) : contains 3 games.
Videomaster Strika 2 [UK] (1977) : contains 4 games.
Windtronics Video Game usa (1977) : contains 4 games.
Binatone TV-Master MK 8 [UK] (1978) : contains 8 games.
Binatone TV-Master MK 10 [UK] (1978) : contains 10 games.
Binatone Colour TV Game 4 Plus 2 [UK] (1978) : contains 6 games.
Coleco Telstar Colortron [UK] (1978) : contains 4 games.
Coleco Telstar Marksman [UK] (1978) : contains 6 games.
Grunding Tele-Spiel 1 germany (1978)
Harvard Mini Color TV Game usa (1978) : contains 4 games.
Intercord TV Games germany (1978) : contains 4 games.
ITT / Ideal Color Tele-Match Cassette 2 europe (1978) : contains 8 games.
Klervox Jeu TV france (1978) : contains 6 games.
Match Color germany (1978) : contains 10 games.
MBO Tele-Ball VIII germany (1978) : contains 8 games.
Olympos Electronic Gamatic 7706 usa (1978) : contains 6 games.
Occitane (SOE) OC 5000 france : contains 6 games.
Philips Odyssey 2100 europe (1978) : contains 23 games.
Polistil Video Games [IT] (1978) : contains 4 games.
Poppy Tv-Game Fernseh Spiel germany (1978) : contains 4 games.
Prinztronic Tournament Mini [UK] (1978) : contains 4 games.
Prinztronic Videosport [UK] (1978) : contains 6 games.
RIL Robot france (1978) : contains 6 games.
Saft-Leclanch TV 8 Sports france (1978) : contains 8 games.
Sands Color TV Game usa (1978) : contains 6 games.
Scomark 4 Sports Tele france (1978) : contains 4 games.
Sinoca T.V. Game usa (1978) : contains 4 games.
TV 18 Spannende Videospiele germany (1978) : contains 18 games.
Grandstand Sports Centre [UK] (1979) : contains 10 games.
Hanimex Electronic TV Game europe (1979) : contains 4 games.
ITT / Ideal Tele-Match Cassette europe (1979) : contains 10 games.
Videomaster Colourscore 2 [UK] (1979) : contains 6 games.
Radofin Colour TV Game (1981) : contains 10 games.
Univox Tele-Sports 6 france (1981) : contains 6 games.
Audiosonic Color TV Game europe (1982) : contains 4 games.
Poppy Color Video Game germany (1982) : contains 6 games.
Rollet Robot france (1982) : contains 6 games.
Bentley Compu-Vision [UK] (1983) : contains 4 games.
DMS Tele-Action usa (1983) : contains 4 games.
Ingersoll mini TV Game [UK] (1983) : contains 4 games.
Arcade (1993) : hidden game in "Mortal Kombat II"
Mobile phone [Motorola T720] usa (2003)
Atari 10 in 1 TV Game usa (2002 - Jakk's Pacific)
Atari Paddle TV Game usa (2004 - Jakk's Pacific) : "Video Olympics", which features multiple variations of the game, is also included.
Atari Flashback 2 usa (2005)
Nokia N-Gage usa (2006) "Atari Masterpieces Volume 2"
Apple Store (2011) "Atari Greatest Hits"
Android Market (2011) "Atari Greatest Hits"
Atari Flashback 2+ usa (2010)
Atari Flashback 4 usa (November 13, 2012) AtGames
SOURCES
 
Game's picture.

Page last modified on March 27, 2014
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