Manga: The Rose of Versailles is one of the most influential manga ever written. The manga was serialized in Shueisha's Margaret Magazine in 1973, and became an instant success. It was published on 24 May 1982 and contains 10 volumes.
It has been turned into a play, an anime series, a live-action movie, and a ballet. The author, Riyoko Ikeda, is working on the libretto of an Italian opera version of her story as well. The play adaptation of the manga is also the longest-running show by the Takarazuka Revue.
In 1981, the first two volumes of 'The Rose of Versailles' were translated in English by Frederik L. Schodt for the purpose of teaching English to Japanese speakers and released in North America by the North American branch of Sanyusha. 'The Rose of Versailles' was the first commercially translated manga to be available in North America.
Anime: In 1979, The Rose of Versailles was released in Japan as a 40 episode (and 1 recapitulation) animated television series, which ran from October 1979 to September 1980. Besides Japan, the series has also been broadcast in several other countries of Europe and Latin America under the title of Lady Oscar. The anime was directed by Tadao Nagahama (episodes 1-18) and Osamu Dezaki (episodes 19-40), who brought a cinematic approach to the series. Shingo Araki was the animation director and co-character designer along with Akio Sugino and Michi Himeno. Koji Makaino was in charge of the soundtrack.
There is a less-known sequel. It is known as 'Eikou no Napoleon' or 'The Glory of Napoleon'. It has a few of the original characters and is mostly about the Empire of Napoleon I of France.
1) 'Lady Oscar' is a 1979 film, written (screenplay) and directed Jacques Demy, with music composed by Michel Legrand. Lady Oscar is a French-Japanese co-production, and was shot in France.
2) 'Inochi arukagiri aishite' is a 1987 film that summarizes the whole anime.
3) 'La Rose de Versailles' will be the next movie based on the manga/anime. The Rose of Versailles, and will be produced by Toei Animation. It was reported that the film would be delayed until 2009, but this is erroneous, and as of January 2008, the film was still in pre-production.