Gravitar

screenshot

The [Coin-Op] Arcade Video Game by Atari, Inc. [Sunnyvale, CA, USA]

 
DESCRIPTION
 
[Coin-Op] Arcade Video Game

Gravitar © 1982 Atari.


Gravitar is a 1- or 2-player game with a color X-Y video display. This new display, with its three color guns and higher voltage, has the same technology that was used in previous Atari black-and-white X-Y displays. However, the screen now displays dazzling colors and unique visual effects.

The player controls a space ship in three different solar systems. Each solar system consists of a home base, a death star, a red alien planet and four regular planets. Each planet has its own unique terrain.

The red alien planet is the home of shooting alien ships. Some of the regular planets may have flying alien rammers to be avoided or shot down. The four planets all have fuel cells to be retrieved with a tractor beam and alien bunkers that fire shells. Successfully destroying all of the bunkers results in a MISSION COMPLETE message at the top of the screen. Achieving MISSION COMPLETE allows the player to collect bonus if he can evade the rammers when leaving the planet. If successful, he will be placed back in the solar system.

A player has two ways to advance to the next solar system. The first is to successfully complete a mission on all four regular planets. The second way is to complete a mission on the red alien planet, which establishes a link into the next solar system.

The play mode begins in the first solar system with the player's blue ship in the center of the screen at home base. There are four regular planets plus a fifth red alien planet and a death star arranged clockwise around the screen in increasing order of difficulty. The planets are worth 2000, 4000, 6000, and 8000 points with a value of 9000 points on the alien planet. The positions of the alien planet and the death star vary in the second and third solar systems. After the first solar system all planets are valued at 9000 points. The death star, located near home base, is the center of gravity in each solar system. Colliding with it results in the loss of one life, and the player returns to home base.

The words SCORE (with current total score), FUEL (running total of original 10000-point fuel supply), and BONUS (decreasing point value of planet under attack) appear at the top of the screen throughout game play.

Player controls consist of LEFT ROTATE, RIGHT ROTATE, FIRE, THRUST, and TRACTOR/SHIELD yellow pushbuttons. Use FIRE to shoot targets. A player has four shells that must hit a target or must travel their full distance in order to be reloaded. TRACTOR/SHIELD retrieves fuel with a tractor beam and shields the ship from alien shots. The TRACTOR/SHIELD does not prevent the ship from crashing into land or alien ships. TRACTOR/SHIELD and THRUST decrease the player's fuel supply. Using these controls together decreases the fuel supply even faster.

Blue fuel cells are positioned just below a planet's surface. There are two, three, or four fuel cells per planet terrain (depending on level of game play). Each cell beamed aboard ship with TRACTOR is worth 2500 fuel units.

If the player's ship is above the highest point on some planet terrains, flying alien rammers attack him. Shooting a rammer scores 100 points.

If the player gets too close to a shooting alien ship, he is involved in a one-on-one space dogfight, and either he or the alien ship must die. If the player is victorious, he returns to the solar system at his original spot; if the alien ship wins, the player loses a life and returns to home base.

Red alien bunkers appear on each planet. There are 2, 4, 6, or 8 bunkers per surface (depending on the difficulty of the planet). The bunkers fire shots to protect the fuel cells. Exploding a bunker scores 250 points. Exploding all bunkers in a solar system displays a MISSION COMPLETE message.

The word SUPERBONUS and the number of superbonus points appear in the middle of the screen only after a completed mission on the first planet in the first solar system. These superbonus points are awarded on the basis of initial difficulty of the first planet successfully completed. The higher the bonus point value of the planet attacked, the higher the superbonus awarded. No superbonus points are awarded for attacking the 2000-point (easiest) planet or for attacking the four regular planets in consecutive order of difficulty.

A player may fly to any planet he chooses. The number beside each planet is the starting number of bonus points for that planet. Entering a planet causes the distinct planet terrain to appear. To get maximum points, the player must shoot all alien bunkers and see MISSION COMPLETE at the top of the screen. A player may exit a planet at any time; he does not have to stay any longer than he wishes.

The red alien planet (worth 9000 points) is home for red alien ships that must be shot down or avoided. The alien planet looks the same in every solar system: terrain consists of a spiral tunnel with a reactor at its end. Under a decrementing timer, the player must maneuver through the tunnel without hitting the walls and shoot the reactor (Hitting the walls or not escaping in time places the player back at home base). Shooting the reactor will make it glow and pulsate. Then the player must escape before the timer reaches zero (In the next solar systems, the timer of the alien planet decreases by two seconds, and there are shooting bunkers to overcome). Completing the mission on the alien planet places the player in the next solar system with an additional 7500 fuel points.

Gravitar progresses by waves of planets (new solar systems). Successfully destroying the reactor and escaping from the red alien planet, or achieving a MISSION COMPLETE on all four regular planets places the player in the next solar system (next level of game play). The 4 levels of game play are described as follows :

a. Regular gravity
b. Negative gravity
c. Regular gravity with invisible landscape and maximum difficulty
d. Negative gravity with invisible landscape and maximum difficulty

Alien ship speed and firing frequency, rammer speed, bunker firing frequency, and bonus points are all based on time elapsed in game play. Both regular and negative gravity increase, depending on the initial planet bonus level.

The game ends when all lives are used up or when player is out of fuel.
TECHNICAL
 
PICTURE :
1
Gravitar machine
Click to enlarge (members only)
Game ID : 136010

Main CPU : M6502 (@ 1.512 Mhz)
Sound Chips : (2x) POKEY (@ 1.512 Mhz)

Screen orientation : Horizontal
Vector display (1024x768)

Players : 2
Buttons : 5 (LEFT ROTATE, RIGHT ROTATE, FIRE, THRUST, TRACTOR/SHIELD)
TRIVIA
 
Gravitar was released in August 1982.

5427 units were produced and original selling price was $2095.

Developed in 14 months, Gravitar was the first game that Mike Hally produced and designed for Atari. The concept of Gravitar was based on a combination of "Lunar Lander" and "Asteroids".

Gravitar has a color X-Y video display. This display, with its three color guns and higher voltage, has the same technology that was used in previous Atari black-and-white X-Y displays. However, the screen now displays dazzling colors and unique visual effects.

Gravitar was the first game to have a real-time dynamic perspective - When you enter a planet, the screen zooms in to give you a closer look. Unfortunately, it was a colossal failure, primarily because of its difficulty. While beautiful to look at for its time, the learning curve was too steep too early - When you're plugging quarters into a machine, you stop playing a tough game. But interest in the title has resurged among hard-core arcade gamers. This is because once the controls are mastered, the game is phenomenally addictive.

The default high score screen of "Cyberball 2072" features names of many Atari arcade games, including GRAVITAR.

Dan Coogan, of Phoenix, AZ set a new Gravitar world record, scoring 8029450 points on December 23, 2006, playing for 23 hours and 15 minutes. The previous world record was 4722200, which reigned for 24 years, set by Ray Mueller of Boulder, CO on December 4, 1982, playing for 12 hours and 21 minutes.

A Gravitar unit appears in the 1983 movie 'WarGames', in the 1983 movie 'James Bond 007 - Never Say Never Again' and in the 1987 movie 'Death Wish 4 - The Crackdown'.

In 1982, Atari released a set of 12 collector pins including : "Missile Command", "Battle Zone", "Tempest", "Asteroids Deluxe", "Space Duel", "Centipede", Gravitar, "Dig Dug", "Kangaroo", "Xevious", "Millipede" and "Food Fight".

The prototype of this game is known as "Lunar Battle".
SCORING
 
Obstacles :
Red bunker : 250 points
Rammer : 100 points
Alien Ship : 100 points

Each planet has a bonus that constantly decreases with elapsed game time.
A superbonus is awarded after the first MISSION COMPLETE is achieved.
Planet Bonus 9000 - Superbonus 20000
Planet Bonus 8000 - Superbonus 12000
Planet Bonus 6000 - Superbonus 6000
Planet Bonus 4000 - Superbonus 2000
Planet Bonus 2000 - Superbonus 0
TIPS AND TRICKS
 
Depending on the highest score, 1 of 8 list names appears above the table of initials...
Between 0 and 20000 points : FLUNKY
Between 20001 and 40000 points : GUNNER
Between 40001 and 80000 points : CO-PILOT
Between 80001 and 100000 points : PILOT
Between 100001 and 200000 points : ACE PILOT
Between 201001 and 400000 points : KILLER PILOT
Between 400001 and 800000 points : PONTIUS PILATE
Above 800000 points : GOTTA-BE-LUCKY

A Well Known Cheat/Bug : At a joint between 2 vectors (>90 degrees), position yourself below and shoot straight up. If you can align yourself just right, the shots will travel through the walls at the joint. Without moving from side to side, just thrust up and voila, you are now inside the wall. You can now move around and shoot the gun pods from behind. This is especially useful if you can get under the world!

Hint 1 : Develop skill for controlling the space ship in regular and negative gravity.

Hint 2 : Beam up fuel cells with TRACTOR/SHIELD.

Hint 3 : Attack the red alien planet first for maximum challenge and 20000 bonus points! Completion of this planet immediately places a player in the next solar system where all planets are worth 9000 bonus points.

Hint 4 : Attack more difficult planets early in the game for higher bonus points.

Hint 5 : Many planet terrains have safe areas or 'blind spots' from which the player can safely shoot at bunkers.
STAFF
 
Designed by : Mike Hally (MLH)
Programmed by : Rich Adam (RDA)
Tech & hardware designer : Joe Coddington (JOE)

Others : Owen Rubin (ORR), Mark Cerny (MEC), Brad Chaboya (BRD)
PORTS
 

Consoles:


Atari 2600 usa (1983) "Gravitar [Model CX2685]" (Atari, Inc.)
Atari 2600/7800 usa (1988) Gravitar (Atari Corp.)
Sony PlayStation usa (2001) "Atari Anniversary Edition Redux" [Model SLUS-01427]"
Sega Dreamcast usa (July 2, 2001) "Atari Anniversary Edtion [Model T-15130N]"
Sony PlayStation usa (March 1, 2002) "Atari Anniversary Edition Redux" [Model SLES-03808]"
Microsoft XBOX usa (November 16, 2004) "Atari Anthology [Model 26084]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Sony PlayStation 2 usa (November 22, 2004) "Atari Anthology [Model SLUS-21076]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Microsoft XBOX europe (November 26, 2004) "Atari Anthology" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Microsoft XBOX usa (2005) "Atari Anthology [Platinum Hits]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Sony PlayStation 2 europe (February 18, 2005) "Atari Anthology [Model SLES-53061]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Nintendo DS [UK] (March 11, 2005) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-UKV]"
Nintendo DS europe (March 11, 2005) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-EUR]"
Nintendo DS usa (March 16, 2005) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-USA]"
Nintendo DS japan (June 30, 2005) "Atarimix Happy 10 Games [Model NTR-ATAJ-JPN]"
Microsoft XBOX japan (August 4, 2005) "Atari Anthology [XBOX World Collection] [Model B7X-00001]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Nintendo DS [AU] (November 2007) "Retro Atari Classics [Model NTR-ATAE-AUS]"
Nintendo DS usa (November 2, 2010) "Atari Greatest Hits Vol.1 [Model NTR-BR6E-USA]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
Sony PlayStation europe (February 16, 2011) "Atari Anniversary Edition Redux" - PSOne Classics
Nintendo DS europe (February 24, 2011) "Atari Greatest Hits Vol.1 [Model NTR-PR6P-EUR]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions

Computers:


PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (April 4, 1998) "Atari Arcade Hits Vol. 2"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (2000) "Atari Arcade Hits 2"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (July 9, 2001) "Atari Anniversary Edition"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (December 14, 2001) "Atari Anniversary Edition"
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] usa (November 11, 2003) "Atari: 80 Classic Games in One! [Model 25069J]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (June 10, 2005) "Atari: 80 Classic Games in One! [Replay]" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions
PC [MS Windows, CD-ROM] europe (December 1, 2006, as part of "Atari Kids 2006") "Atari - 80 Classic Games in One!" - Arcade and Atari 2600 versions

Others:


Atari 10 in 1 TV Game usa (2002) Jakk's Pacific - Atari 2600 version
Atari Flashback usa (2004) : Atari 2600 version
Atari Flashback 3 usa (September 16, 2011) AtGames - Atari 2600 version
Atari Flashback 4 usa (November 13, 2012) AtGames - Atari 2600 version
Apple Store usa (2012) "Atari Greatest Hits"
Google Play usa (2012) "Atari Greatest Hits"
SOURCES
 
Game's ROM.
Game's picture.
Dan Coogan's Gravitar site - http://www.cooganphoto.com/gravitar

Page last modified on July 06, 2014
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